pytorch VGG11识别cifar10数据集(训练+预测单张输入图片操作)

发布时间: 2020-06-24 16:26:50 来源: 互联网 栏目: python 点击:

这篇文章主要介绍了pytorch VGG11识别cifar10数据集(训练+预测单张输入图片操作),具有很好的参考价值,希望对大家有所帮助。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

首先这是VGG的结构图,VGG11则是红色框里的结构,共分五个block,如红框中的VGG11第一个block就是一个conv3-64卷积层:

pytorch VGG11识别cifar10数据集(训练+预测单张输入图片操作)

一,写VGG代码时,首先定义一个 vgg_block(n,in,out)方法,用来构建VGG中每个block中的卷积核和池化层:

pytorch VGG11识别cifar10数据集(训练+预测单张输入图片操作)

n是这个block中卷积层的数目,in是输入的通道数,out是输出的通道数

有了block以后,我们还需要一个方法把形成的block叠在一起,我们定义这个方法叫vgg_stack:

def vgg_stack(num_convs, channels): # vgg_net = vgg_stack((1, 1, 2, 2, 2), ((3, 64), (64, 128), (128, 256), (256, 512), (512, 512)))


 net = []
 for n, c in zip(num_convs, channels):
  in_c = c[0]
  out_c = c[1]
  net.append(vgg_block(n, in_c, out_c))
 return nn.Sequential(*net)

右边的注释

vgg_net = vgg_stack((1, 1, 2, 2, 2), ((3, 64), (64, 128), (128, 256), (256, 512), (512, 512)))

里,(1, 1, 2, 2, 2)表示五个block里,各自的卷积层数目,((3, 64), (64, 128), (128, 256), (256, 512), (512, 512))表示每个block中的卷积层的类型,如(3,64)表示这个卷积层输入通道数是3,输出通道数是64。vgg_stack方法返回的就是完整的vgg11模型了。

接着定义一个vgg类,包含vgg_stack方法:

#vgg类
class vgg(nn.Module):
 def __init__(self):
  super(vgg, self).__init__()
  self.feature = vgg_net
  self.fc = nn.Sequential(
   nn.Linear(512, 100),
   nn.ReLU(True),
   nn.Linear(100, 10)
  )
 
 def forward(self, x):
  x = self.feature(x)
  x = x.view(x.shape[0], -1)
  x = self.fc(x)
  return x

最后:

net = vgg() #就能获取到vgg网络

那么构建vgg网络完整的pytorch代码是:

def vgg_block(num_convs, in_channels, out_channels):
 net = [nn.Conv2d(in_channels, out_channels, kernel_size=3, padding=1), nn.ReLU(True)]
 
 for i in range(num_convs - 1): # 定义后面的许多层
  net.append(nn.Conv2d(out_channels, out_channels, kernel_size=3, padding=1))
  net.append(nn.ReLU(True))
 
 net.append(nn.MaxPool2d(2, 2)) # 定义池化层
 return nn.Sequential(*net)
 
# 下面我们定义一个函数对这个 vgg block 进行堆叠
def vgg_stack(num_convs, channels): # vgg_net = vgg_stack((1, 1, 2, 2, 2), ((3, 64), (64, 128), (128, 256), (256, 512), (512, 512)))
 net = []
 for n, c in zip(num_convs, channels):
  in_c = c[0]
  out_c = c[1]
  net.append(vgg_block(n, in_c, out_c))
 return nn.Sequential(*net)
 
#确定vgg的类型,是vgg11 还是vgg16还是vgg19
vgg_net = vgg_stack((1, 1, 2, 2, 2), ((3, 64), (64, 128), (128, 256), (256, 512), (512, 512)))
#vgg类
class vgg(nn.Module):
 def __init__(self):
  super(vgg, self).__init__()
  self.feature = vgg_net
  self.fc = nn.Sequential(
   nn.Linear(512, 100),
   nn.ReLU(True),
   nn.Linear(100, 10)
  )
 def forward(self, x):
  x = self.feature(x)
  x = x.view(x.shape[0], -1)
  x = self.fc(x)
  return x
 
#获取vgg网络
net = vgg() 

基于VGG11的cifar10训练代码:

import sys
import numpy as np
import torch
from torch import nn
from torch.autograd import Variable
from torchvision.datasets import CIFAR10
import torchvision.transforms as transforms
 
def vgg_block(num_convs, in_channels, out_channels):
 net = [nn.Conv2d(in_channels, out_channels, kernel_size=3, padding=1), nn.ReLU(True)]
 
 for i in range(num_convs - 1): # 定义后面的许多层
  net.append(nn.Conv2d(out_channels, out_channels, kernel_size=3, padding=1))
  net.append(nn.ReLU(True))
 
 net.append(nn.MaxPool2d(2, 2)) # 定义池化层
 return nn.Sequential(*net)
 
# 下面我们定义一个函数对这个 vgg block 进行堆叠
def vgg_stack(num_convs, channels): # vgg_net = vgg_stack((1, 1, 2, 2, 2), ((3, 64), (64, 128), (128, 256), (256, 512), (512, 512)))
 net = []
 for n, c in zip(num_convs, channels):
  in_c = c[0]
  out_c = c[1]
  net.append(vgg_block(n, in_c, out_c))
 return nn.Sequential(*net)
 
#vgg类
class vgg(nn.Module):
 def __init__(self):
  super(vgg, self).__init__()
  self.feature = vgg_net
  self.fc = nn.Sequential(
   nn.Linear(512, 100),
   nn.ReLU(True),
   nn.Linear(100, 10)
  )
 def forward(self, x):
  x = self.feature(x)
  x = x.view(x.shape[0], -1)
  x = self.fc(x)
  return x
 
# 然后我们可以训练我们的模型看看在 cifar10 上的效果
def data_tf(x):
 x = np.array(x, dtype='float32') / 255
 x = (x - 0.5) / 0.5
 x = x.transpose((2, 0, 1)) ## 将 channel 放到第一维,只是 pytorch 要求的输入方式
 x = torch.from_numpy(x)
 return x
 
transform = transforms.Compose([transforms.ToTensor(),
         transforms.Normalize(mean=(0.5, 0.5, 0.5), std=(0.5, 0.5, 0.5)),
         ])
def get_acc(output, label):
 total = output.shape[0]
 _, pred_label = output.max(1)
 num_correct = (pred_label == label).sum().item()
 return num_correct / total
 
def train(net, train_data, valid_data, num_epochs, optimizer, criterion):
 if torch.cuda.is_available():
  net = net.cuda()
 for epoch in range(num_epochs):
  train_loss = 0
  train_acc = 0
  net = net.train()
  for im, label in train_data:
   if torch.cuda.is_available():
    im = Variable(im.cuda())
    label = Variable(label.cuda())
   else:
    im = Variable(im)
    label = Variable(label)
   # forward
   output = net(im)
   loss = criterion(output, label)
   # forward
   optimizer.zero_grad()
   loss.backward()
   optimizer.step()
 
   train_loss += loss.item()
   train_acc += get_acc(output, label)
 
  if valid_data is not None:
   valid_loss = 0
   valid_acc = 0
   net = net.eval()
   for im, label in valid_data:
    if torch.cuda.is_available():
     with torch.no_grad():
      im = Variable(im.cuda())
      label = Variable(label.cuda())
    else:
     with torch.no_grad():
      im = Variable(im)
      label = Variable(label)
    output = net(im)
    loss = criterion(output, label)
    valid_loss += loss.item()
    valid_acc += get_acc(output, label)
   epoch_str = (
     "Epoch %d. Train Loss: %f, Train Acc: %f, Valid Loss: %f, Valid Acc: %f, "
     % (epoch, train_loss / len(train_data),
      train_acc / len(train_data), valid_loss / len(valid_data),
      valid_acc / len(valid_data)))
  else:
   epoch_str = ("Epoch %d. Train Loss: %f, Train Acc: %f, " %
       (epoch, train_loss / len(train_data),
       train_acc / len(train_data)))
 
  # prev_time = cur_time
  print(epoch_str)
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
 # 作为实例,我们定义一个稍微简单一点的 vgg11 结构,其中有 8 个卷积层
 vgg_net = vgg_stack((1, 1, 2, 2, 2), ((3, 64), (64, 128), (128, 256), (256, 512), (512, 512)))
 print(vgg_net)
 
 train_set = CIFAR10('./data', train=True, transform=transform, download=True)
 train_data = torch.utils.data.DataLoader(train_set, batch_size=64, shuffle=True)
 test_set = CIFAR10('./data', train=False, transform=transform, download=True)
 test_data = torch.utils.data.DataLoader(test_set, batch_size=128, shuffle=False)
 
 net = vgg()
 optimizer = torch.optim.SGD(net.parameters(), lr=1e-1)
 criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss() #损失函数为交叉熵
 
 train(net, train_data, test_data, 50, optimizer, criterion)
 torch.save(net, 'vgg_model.pth')

结束后,会出现一个模型文件vgg_model.pth

二,然后网上找张图片,把图片缩成32x32,放到预测代码中,即可有预测结果出现,预测代码如下:

import torch
import cv2
import torch.nn.functional as F
from vgg2 import vgg ##重要,虽然显示灰色(即在次代码中没用到),但若没有引入这个模型代码,加载模型时会找不到模型
from torch.autograd import Variable
from torchvision import datasets, transforms
import numpy as np
 
classes = ('plane', 'car', 'bird', 'cat',
   'deer', 'dog', 'frog', 'horse', 'ship', 'truck')
if __name__ == '__main__':
 device = torch.device('cuda' if torch.cuda.is_available() else 'cpu')
 model = torch.load('vgg_model.pth') # 加载模型
 model = model.to(device)
 model.eval() # 把模型转为test模式
 
 img = cv2.imread("horse.jpg") # 读取要预测的图片
 trans = transforms.Compose(
  [
   transforms.ToTensor(),
   transforms.Normalize(mean=(0.5, 0.5, 0.5), std=(0.5, 0.5, 0.5))
  ])
 
 img = trans(img)
 img = img.to(device)
 img = img.unsqueeze(0) # 图片扩展多一维,因为输入到保存的模型中是4维的[batch_size,通道,长,宽],而普通图片只有三维,[通道,长,宽]
 # 扩展后,为[1,1,28,28]
 output = model(img)
 prob = F.softmax(output,dim=1) #prob是10个分类的概率
 print(prob)
 value, predicted = torch.max(output.data, 1)
 print(predicted.item())
 print(value)
 pred_class = classes[predicted.item()]
 print(pred_class)
 
 # prob = F.softmax(output, dim=1)
 # prob = Variable(prob)
 # prob = prob.cpu().numpy() # 用GPU的数据训练的模型保存的参数都是gpu形式的,要显示则先要转回cpu,再转回numpy模式
 # print(prob) # prob是10个分类的概率
 # pred = np.argmax(prob) # 选出概率最大的一个
 # # print(pred)
 # # print(pred.item())
 # pred_class = classes[pred]
 # print(pred_class)

缩成32x32的图片:

pytorch VGG11识别cifar10数据集(训练+预测单张输入图片操作)

运行结果:

pytorch VGG11识别cifar10数据集(训练+预测单张输入图片操作)

以上这篇pytorch VGG11识别cifar10数据集(训练+预测单张输入图片操作)就是小编分享给大家的全部内容了,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持我们。

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